Liver Disease: What is liver disease, its function, causes, and symptoms?

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Liver Disease: What is liver disease, its function, causes, and symptoms?

  • May 19, 2021



The liver plays an imperative role in carrying out various bodily functions from blood clotting and protein production to sugar & iron metabolism. Considering the given situation, it is important to take proper care of your liver and overall health. COVID-19 patients have higher chances of getting diagnosed with liver disease or liver damage. So, it is better to be cautious as it will help to take control over the situation at the right time.

The function of the Liver

The liver makes bile which is the fluid that contains other substances, chemicals, water, and bile acids. The liver is like a power-house of performing various vital functions in the body which are:

  • Bild production is necessary for food digestion.
  • Store extra glucose or sugar as glycogen which is then converted into glucose when the body needs energy.
  • Production of amino acids along with the ones which are necessary to fight infection.
  • Production of blood clotting factors
  • Production and storage of iron which is helpful in red blood cell production.
  • Medications are metabolized into the necessary ingredients in the body.

What is liver disease?

Liver disease is the disturbance of liver function which leads to illness. The liver carries out imperative functions in the body and if it is affected the body is affected to a great extent. In medical terms, it is also known as hepatic disease. The liver is the largest solid organ and it carries out various functions. The portal vein delivers chemicals and proteins which are necessary to produce the cholesterol, protein, and glycogen to carry out the normal functioning of the body.

Causes of Liver Disease

There are different conditions and diseases which can affect the liver through certain drug consumption like acetaminophen and its combination with other medications like Norco & Vicodin. Other causes of liver disease include:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Cirrhosis
  • Statins
  • Hepatitis A, B, C, E, and D
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Iron Overload

Signs and Symptoms of Liver Disease

Signs and symptoms are linked with liver disease and these may vary depending on what exactly is the issue. Some of the major signs and symptoms of liver disease are mentioned below:

  • Jaundice
  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Itchy skin
  • Dark urine color
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Pale stool color
  • Bloody stool
  • Tar-colored stool
  • Swelling in the ankles and legs
  • Loss of appetite
  • Easy bruising

When should you consult the medical expert for liver disease?

In most cases, liver disease is an onset process and you are not able to notice the specific symptoms which tell you that you need to get medical attention. Although, the symptoms like weight loss, weakness, and fatigue are not the reason to seek medical treatment on an emergency basis.

But, if you notice yellow skin or have jaundice then make sure to consult the doctor right away. Along with that these symptoms also need medical assistance on a prompt basis like:

  • Persistent fever
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain

It is important to not neglect the situation at any cost as the problem can get worse in the future. Emergency and medical evaluation on an urgent basis are necessary to ensure liver health is right.

Schedule an appointment, without any delay

If you are suspected to have liver disease or diagnosed with one, then schedule your initial consultation with us. Our experienced liver doctor will provide you a customized treatment approach that helps to improve your condition and you can live a better life.

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GI Surgery: Laparoscopic & Open Surgical Treatment Options Punjab

  • April 30, 2021


The experienced surgeons of the liver hospital in Ludhiana are adept in carrying out both laparoscopic or minimally invasive procedures with tinier incisions. To bring about the utmost perfection in gastrointestinal surgery in Punjab, our surgeons use tiny video cameras that facilitate the surgeons with added comfort to treat the patients during the surgery.


What are the benefits of undergoing minimally invasive GI surgery?

The patients opt up for the minimally invasive procedure because of the following benefits which are sought by each patient:

  • Less pain
  • Slight blood loss
  • Tinier (needle-like) scars
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • No sickness
  • No postoperative complications


Is every patient eligible for undergoing the minimally invasive GI surgery?

The patient has to satisfy particular eligibility criteria to become qualified for taking up the MIS.


Which laparoscopic procedures are considered to take up Gastrointestinal surgery?

Following laparoscopic procedures are taken into account as far as the treatment of the gastrointestinal problems is concerned:

  • Adrenalectomy

Whenever there is an abnormal growth in the adrenal gland, then opting up for adrenalectomy can help for the removal of such unrequired growths. The importance of the adrenal gland lies in the fact that it is responsible for the generation of the hormones that are responsible for running the entire body in the ideal way.

  • Appendectomy

When the appendix becomes infected owing to any condition. Then its termination is sought with the help of the appendectomy.

  • Bariatric Surgery

This surgery has been proved considerably useful for meeting the weight loss goals by making the stomach smaller.

  • Cholecystectomy

The treatment of the gallstones is done through cholecystectomy which aims at the termination of the gallbladder. No risk is associated with the surgery. The main benefit of this surgery is the very short hospital stay.

  • Colon and rectal surgery

When any of the following is bothering you then a colon and rectal surgery is taken into account:

  • Colon
  • Rectum
  • Anus


  • Foregut surgery

The following are aimed for the treatment through this surgical alternative:

  • Oesophagus
  • The upper portion of the small intestines
  • Stomach


  • Hiatal Hernia Repair

This surgery can help to fix the following:

  • Hiatal hernias
  • Paraesophageal hernia


  • Nissen

When any of the patients are suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease, then Nissen is often taken into account in those cases.


  • Nephrectomy

When the kidney becomes either diseased or malignant, then this procedure helps a lot for the termination of the kidney.


  • Pancreatic surgery

Different pancreatic conditions can be treated with pancreatic surgery.


  • Retroperitoneum surgery

Testicular cancer can be treated with this surgical alternative.


  • Splenectomy

The termination of the spleen is done with the help of the splenectomy.


Are there any traditional approaches for open GI SUrgery?

Yes, a lot of traditional approaches are there. Such kinds of open surgical alternatives are mentioned below:


  • Abdominal Surgery
  • Adrenalectomy
  • Appendectomy
  • Nissen fundoplication
  • Roux-en-Y
  • Whipple procedure