Gastrointestinal (GI) Surgery

Liver Transplant India experienced team of gastroenterologists follows a multidisciplinary approach for patient’s health. Our team of medical experts with years of experience, and understanding of the latest treatment approach have made them the first preference in the healthcare sector. 

What is the gastrointestinal tract?

The GI tract comprises the stomach, small intestine, esophagus, and large intestine. The most pivotal parts of the digestive system are the pancreas, gallbladder, and liver. Through the digestive tract, the process of digestion becomes easier in the body. 

What is gastrointestinal surgery

What is gastrointestinal surgery?

Gastrointestinal surgery is done to treat the body parts which are needed for digestion. Our team of gastroenterologists are well-aware of the different surgical techniques to diagnose and treat GI problems. 

The surgical approach is used to remove the non-cancerous or cancerous growth & even the damaged part of the body like the Intestine. In some cases, the hernia problem can be treated with it, and it is termed as a weak spot in the abdominal wall. 

What disorders are treated by GI surgery?

  • Esophageal disorders
  • Pancreaticobiliary disorders
  • Liver disorders
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • GI bleeding
  • Colorectal cancer

What are the different types of Gastrointestinal surgery?

  • Liver disease surgery
  • Colon cancer surgery
  • Gallbladder cancer surgery
  • Esophageal cancer surgery
  • Pancreatic cancer surgery

Let’s discuss each of them one by one

Liver disease surgery

  • Partial hepatectomy

Partial hepatectomy is done for that part of the liver that has the presence of cancer cells. 

  • Liver transplant

A liver transplant is beneficial to replace the entire liver that is not healthy. For that, you need to find a healthy donor to undergo a liver transplant. 

  • Ablation

Ablation is the surgical & non-surgical approach to destroy or remove cancerous tissues. The doctor uses instruments or needles to reach the tumor area by passing through the skin, and then skin cancer cells are destroyed. 

Colon cancer 

  • Local excision

Patients with cancer at an early stage are recommended this option. Under this approach, there is no need to cut through the abdominal wall. The doctor inserts the tube into the rectum, then it goes to the colon, and cancer is taken out. 

  • Colectomy/anastomosis

Patients with larger cancer growth need to undergo partial colectomy (cancer growth and a slight part of the healthy tissues are taken).

Esophageal cancer surgery

  • Esophagectomy

Esophagectomy is the surgical approach to remove the esophagus part. The rest of the healthy part is connected to the stomach which allows the patient to swallow everything easily. 

Gallbladder cancer surgery

  • Surgical biliary bypass

If a tumor is coming in the way of the small intestine and the gallbladder which has the bile buildup, then the doctor will ask to cut the bile duct or gallbladder. Later, it is sewn down which allows it to create a new way around the blocked area. 

  • Cholecystectomy

Cholecystectomy is a surgical approach to remove the gallbladder & tissues which are present around it. Along with that, the nearby lymph nodes are also removed. 

  • Endoscopic stent placement

If the cancer growth is coming in the way of the bile duct, then the doctor suggests to put the stent in. This is a flexible and thin tube that helps to drain the excess bile from that area. 

  • Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage

Under this procedure, the excess bile is drained for the area which is blocked. It is effective in the case where endoscopic stent placement is not the suitable choice. 

Pancreatic cancer surgery

  • Whipple procedure

Whipple procedure removes the top of the pancreas, stomach part, bile duct, or part of the small intestine. Certain parts of the pancreas are left so that the insulin and digestive juices are produced. 

  • Distal pancreatectomy

Under this approach, the tail & body of the pancreas along with the spleen are taken out. 

  • Total pancreatectomy

As the name suggests, it removes the pancreas completely. Along with one part of the stomach, small intestine part, bile duct, spleen, gallbladder, and lymph nodes.


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