Liver Donation Overview
A liver transplant is a surgical option that helps to remove & replace the diseased liver with a healthy donor liver. During the liver transplant, the liver is used from the deceased donors. In some cases, the living donor can also donate the liver. However, the waiting list for a liver transplant is extremely high.
When is the need to get a liver donation?
The liver transplant is considered the ideal choice for people who are at the end-stage of liver failure & other treatment options won’t be able to help you. Liver failure is divided into 2 different categories:
- Chronic liver failure (occurs slowly with time)
- Acute liver failure (occurs rapidly in just a few weeks)
One of the major reasons for liver failure is a viral infection that triggers due to cirrhosis, early-stage liver cancer, Hepatitis C, primary sclerosing cholangitis, alcoholic liver disease, hemochromatosis, cirrhosis of the liver, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cystic fibrosis, and biliary duct atresia.
Living donor liver transplant
Every year the liver transplant is done in an extremely small portion which is taken from the living donor. Living donation is possible because the liver is the only organ that can regenerate itself again. An adult can donate the liver portion to a child or another adult. The transplant has helped to reduce the waiting list for a liver transplant. Undergoing the transplant helps the person to live a new life.
Research has shown that the number of patients waiting for a donor’s liver surpasses the deceased donors and the living liver donation. This way, it is going to provide an option for the deceased donor who is waiting to get the transplant will have the opportunity to live a better life. Also, getting the transplant at the early stage is going to prevent the health issues which can occur while the patient is waiting.
Within 4 months, the living donor’s liver is growing and its functioning will also get back on track. The donated portion is going to perform the same function for the recipient. The liver from the deceased donor may also split and transplanted into 2 recipients.
After a hair transplant, recipients will also start with the intensive care unit for a few days. You need to spend 5 to 10 additional days in the hospital. Recovery time is going to vary a lot for each person, and the person can resume the simple activities of daily living within just one week.
What happens during the procedure?
On the day of the transplant, the surgeon will take the donor liver portion for transplant by making the incision in the abdomen. The specific part of the liver will be taken which depends on the donor liver size and recipient need.
After that, the surgeon is going to remove the diseased liver and a donated liver portion will be put in the body which is going to connect the blood vessels and bile ducts in the new liver.
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