What is adult jaundice? What are the symptoms, causes, and treatment options?

jaundice

What is adult jaundice? What are the symptoms, causes, and treatment options?

  • April 14, 2021

  • 236 Views

Chances are that if you are suffering from a liver or gallbladder issue, you have jaundice. If you are worried about your liver health, then you should visit the best liver hospital in Ludhiana. The best liver doctors in Punjab will make sure that you get the best treatment plan.

What is jaundice?

Jaundice is a condition in which the white part of the eye and mucous membrane will turn yellow. The problem happens due to an increase in bilirubin.

SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

What are the symptoms of jaundice?

The infection caused by it is due to the following factors:

  • Fever
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Chills
  • Change in skin color
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dark-colored urine or clay-colored stool

In case, infection is not the reason then it can result in symptoms like itchy skin or weight loss. If the problem is caused by biliary tract infection or pancreatic then it will result in abdominal pain. In some cases, the jaundice is due to a liver problem which is because of:

  • Acute hepatitis A, B, or C.
  • Chronic hepatitis or liver inflammation.
  • Polyarthralgias (joints inflammation)
  • Pyoderma gangrenosum (skin disease)

What causes jaundice?

  • Reabsorption of a large hematoma
  • Hemolytic anemias (blood cells are destroyed and removed before the normal lifespan).
  • Rare genetic metabolic defects.
  • Autoimmune disorders.
  • Viruses, including chronic Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, and C, and Epstein-Barr virus infection.
  • Medicines, including acetaminophen toxicity, penicillins, oral contraceptives, chlorpromazine, and estrogenic or anabolic steroids.

DIAGNOSIS AND TESTS

How is jaundice diagnosed?

Doctors will check the condition by looking at the liver disease signs which are mentioned below:

  • Skin bruising
  • Spider angiomas – The skin blood vessels are not normal
  • Palmar erythema – This is characterized by the red coloration of the fingertips and palms

The doctor will do urine testing and in medical terms, it is known as Urinalysis. The results of this test are checked through serum testing. This test includes the CBC (Complete Blood count) and bilirubin levels. Also, the liver tenderness and size are checked. The doctor will use the imaging test which includes CT scanning, and ultrasonography along with a biopsy.

 How is jaundice treated?

Adult jaundice is not that severe as compared to the problem in infants. For infants, treatment is needed right away. The reason and complications of this problem are not treatable. In case the itching is worse then the doctor will suggest you use cholestyramine.

What are some of the complications of the treatments?

  • Upset stomach.
  • Stomach pain.

PREVENTION

Although it is difficult to set specific prevention methods. Some of the basic tips which can help with this situation are:

  • Avoid hepatitis infection.
  • Stable weight is important.
  • Drink alcohol in a limited amount.
  • Manage your cholesterol.
jaundice

What are the symptoms of jaundice? How is it treated and diagnosed?

  • April 12, 2021

  • 196 Views

Usually, there are many causes of jaundice coming into existence. But according to the liver doctors in Punjab majorly the population of the world gets afflicted with this when they are suffering from the tumour in the Liver, Hepatitis and the formation of gallstones. But if you are afflicted with this problem then make sure that you are consulting the expert doctors of the liver hospital in Ludhiana.

Jaundice: What is it?

Jaundice is owing to the pulled up levels of the bilirubin which the yellow-orange pigment, the following gets yellow in the colour:

  • Eyes
  • Skin
  • Sclera
  • Mucous membrane

When the red blood cells in the body are broken down then the bilirubin comes into the origin. Too much fragmentation of such cells is not at all a good condition since it results in jaundice.

 

What are the variegated symptoms of jaundice?

It is relevant to mention here that not every person who is suffering from jaundice undergoes some sort of symptoms. Sometimes the symptoms are not found but the problem is still there.

But if in the cases, the person experiences the symptoms then they may come up in the following forms:

  • Changes in the skin colour to yellow
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Chills
  • Dark coloured urine
  • Clay Colored stools

If the infection is not the cause of the problem then the symptoms may come up in the form of:

  • Weight Loss
  • Itchy Skin

If you are suffering from any of the liver problems, then jaundice can come to origin:

  • Chronic Hepatitis
  • Liver inflammation
  • Pyoderma gangrenosum
  • Inflammation in the joints

 

How do the doctors diagnose jaundice?

Jaundice is diagnosed by the following preponderant symptoms:

 

  • If the individual was suffering from bruising of the skin, then he can be at the risk of getting afflicted with jaundice.
  • If the blood vessels are supposed to abnormally get collected on the surface of the skin, then you should get yourself diagnosed since it is the problem of jaundice.
  • Ultrasonography is also used to detect the problem of jaundice.

 

How is the problem of jaundice treated?

Jaundice in adults is usually not treated and it goes away on its own. But the treatment is done to get relieved of the symptoms. For example: If one has the problem of itching, then the itching relieving medication can be given.

 

By following which preventive measures, the problem of jaundice can be prevented?

 

The problem of jaundice can be prevented by following the subsequent measures:

 

  • Consume alcohol within limits
  • Try to maintain a healthy weight by sticking to the healthy habits
  • Try not to get in the exposure to the hepatitis infection
  • The cholesterol levels have to be managed